Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, comprises 10–16 species of deciduous trees commonly known asmulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions.The fruit of the black mulberry (native to southwest Asia) and the red mulberry (native to eastern North America) have the strongest flavor, which has been likened to 'fireworks in the mouth'.The fruit and leaves are sold in various forms as nutritional supplements. Mulberry fruit color derives from anthocyanins, which are under basic research for mechanisms of various diseases.Anthocyanins are responsible for the attractive colors of fresh plant foods, including orange, red, purple, black, and blue. These colors are water-soluble and easily extractable, yielding natural food colorants. Due to a growing demand for natural food colorants, their significance in the food industry is increasing.A cheap and industrially feasible method has been developed to extract anthocyanins from mulberry fruit which could be used as a fabric tanning agent or food colorant of high color value (above 100). Scientists found that, of thirty-one Chinese mulberry cultivars tested, the total anthocyanin yield varied from 148 mg to 2725 mg per liter of fruit juice.
Part of plant used
Highly regarded in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine, previous research centered on its considerable benefits in improving blood sugar control and blood lipids. When patients with type 2 diabetes were given either mulberry dried leaves at a dose of 3 g/day or one tablet of the drug glyburide (5 mg/day) for 4 weeks the following was shown:
●Mulberry therapy significantly improved diabetic control in Type 2 diabetic patients.
●Fasting blood glucose concentrations and A1C levels were significantly lowered with mulberry therapy compared to glyburide treatment.
●Mulberry therapy also lowered total and LDL cholesterol while raising HDL cholesterol.
In another clinical trial, subjects were given three tablets of 280 mg mulberry leaf three times a day before meals for a period of 12 weeks. At the end of the study, total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL were significantly decreased by 4.9%, 14.1%, and 5.6%, respectively, from baseline, whereas HDL was significantly increased by 19.7%.
These results and others indicate that mulberry leaf may be of benefit in people who have the metabolic syndrome characterized by glucose intolerance, as well as alterations in cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels.
1.Antioxidant. Mulberry anthocyanins are powerful antioxidants and their antioxidant capacity is 20 times that of VC, 50 times that of VE.. It can fast and effectively remove free radicals before cells damaged.
2.Prevention of cancer.Mulberry anthocyanins helps prevent many diseases associated with free radicals including cancer, heart disease, premature aging and arthritis.
3.Oral cosmetic. It can not only prevent the early formation of skin wrinkles, but also to supply nutrition and eliminate harmful free radicals in the body. It is a natural sun cover, can prevent ultraviolet radiation on the skin.Skin is a connective tissue, collagen and hard elastic protein contained in the mulberry plays an important role on the whole structure of the skin.
4.Anthocyanin (Anthocyanosides) has the function of free radical oxidation, which has strong anti oxidation and anti allergic function, can protect the brain from oxidation.
5.Prevent Alzheimer's disease.Mulberry extract could significantly reduce senescence, antioxidant activity of anthocyanins can inhibit the aging and dementia.
6.Free radical scavenging; Antiinflammatory; Diabetes prevention, weight loss, eyesight protection.
1.Applied in health product field,
2.Applied in cosmetics fields,
3.Applied in pharmaceutical field.
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